Many factors can affect the quality of happy and harmonious family. One of them is the health of both partners. Therefore couples who are getting married have to do premarital check-up first.
Premarital examination aims to ensure the health status of potential mates, to determine the presence or absence of inherited or infectious disease that can affect fertility and fetal health. Inspection is a precaution against the possibility of reproductive health issues and genetics respectively.
There are three common premarital examinations, such as physical examination, thorax photo, and laboratory examinations. The doctor will do an interview, then torax photos to see whether or not abnormalities in the lungs and heart. Followed by laboratory examination, including routine inspection routine hematology, urine routine, blood group and rhesus factor, VDRL / RPR, HBsAg, anti-rubella IgG, anti-Toxoplasma IgG, anti toxoplasma, and anti-CMV IgG.
Hematolohi routine inspection conducted to determine the number and function of blood disorders, systemic disorders, and bleeding disease. Examination of the urine may be done to monitor kidney or urinary tract disorders. Prospective spouse must also know the type of rhesus as important to them when planning a pregnancy. Differences in rhesus spouse can harm the fetus. Readings were useful for diagnosing and monitoring the treatment of diabetes. HBsAg check useful to determine whether or not hepatitis B virus infection, hepatitis B diagnosis, blood donor screening, and screening pravaksinasi. Examination VDRL / RPR is useful for determining and detecting syphilis antibodies. Anti-rubella IgG, anti-Toxoplasma IgG, anti toxoplasma, and anti-CMV IgG is a specific test for the prospective bride. Useful for the detection of rubella infection, toxoplasmadan infections, and cytomegalovirus infection.
This examination is usually done a few months before the wedding. So if there is a health problem in the examination on the couple, the couple has time to conduct the treatment. Laboratory tests usually do not require special preparation. After doing anamnesis, couples can go directly to the laboratory. After a complete examination, examination of blood glucose levels require preparation of fasting 8 to 10 hours.