American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued new guidelines to prevent vitamin D deficiency in infants and children. This guide is issued in conjunction with the increasing number of children suffering from rickets disease, ie disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin D.
Those at risk include infants who drank milk less than 500 ml per day or who do not get enough vitamin D. Breast milk has vitamin D in low levels, which is about 25 IU per liter, while the recommended is 200 IU per day for infants, children and adolescents. Children and adolescents get vitamin D primarily from the sun, but they are often using sunscreen creams and dark-skinned risk to suffer from vitamin D deficiency because they are getting less vitamin D from sunlight. Likewise, they are rarely exposed to direct sunlight.
Therefore, APP issued guidelines for vitamin D supplementation of 200 IU a day for infants and children as follows:
1. Children are receiving breast milk should be given supplements starting at two months of age.
2. Infants who consume formula containing vitamin D but less than 500 ml per day
3. Children and teens who do not drink vitamin D milk containing at least 500 ml per day, which is not enough direct sunlight or who did not take a multivitamin containing at least 200 IU of vitamin D.
Why take the benchmark of 500 ml of milk per day? Because the formula generally have at least 400 IU of vitamin D per liter. By giving 500 ml, the recommended intake of vitamin D (200 IU at) can be met.