Selenium is an essential mineral that is needed by our bodies. This mineral is an essential part of the antioxidant enzyme that protects our cells against the negative effects caused by free radicals. Selenium works as a cofactor for enzymes involved in fatty acid oxidation and amino acid destruction.
The body develops the ability to fight free radicals because free radicals destroy cells and contributes to the development of various chronic diseases. Therefore, selenium supposedly able to withstand the pace of aging and hardening of tissues due to the oxidation process.
In addition to fighting free radicals, selenium also play a role in the immune system (immune system) and a well functioning thyroid gland. In addition, the involvement of selenium to prevent cancer (including skin cancer due to sun exposure) increase the prominence as a valuable mineral.
Plants are the main source of Selenium. Unfortunately, selenium levels are often found on different plants. Levels in plants depends on the selenium content of the soil in which they grow, consequently Selenium deficiency can occur in those who live in little soil containing selenium.
Aside from the plants, Selenium can also be obtained from animal meat including seafood. Selenium in the diet are in the form of seleno Methionin and Selenosistein.
Selenium intake recommended for adults, 55 mcg selenium per day is sufficient for daily. But in a state of pregnancy, a woman’s recommended increase to 60 mcg Selenium intake. This needs further increased when a mother breastfeeding her child. At that time, the needs to be met by 70 mcg.