Carbohydrates are one of the necessary nutrients in our body. Carbohydrate foods are the main source of energy in the body, in addition to fat and protein. The main function of our body depends on carbohydrates. Brain cells relying solely on carbohydrates for running activities. Only, the consumption of carbohydrate foods should be observed so as not to harm our bodies.
Carbohydrates also include the most abundant organic compound on earth. These compounds have a variety of functions in the human metabolic system performance, mainly as a reserve of food, fuel, and building materials.
In addition, carbohydrates also have a stake in the process of photosynthesis. In the process of photosynthesis, plants convert carbon dioxide into carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are the main energy-forming substances humans in performing all daily activities. Sources of carbs include whole grains and their processed products and tubers.
Type of Carbohydrate
The body absorbs carbohydrate foods in the form of glucose. Once carbohydrates into the body, the body’s enzymes will convert carbohydrates into glucose. Glucose is often referred to as sugars. The term blood sugar indicates the amount of glucose present in our blood. Blood will transport glucose into the cells, tissues, or organs that need glucose.
Carbohydrates are generally divided into simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates have a simple chemical structure that quickly absorbed by the body. Complex carbohydrates have the chemical structure of a long and complex that it is quite a long time absorbed by the organs of the body.
1. Simple Carbohydrates
As the name implies, simple carbohydrates has a simple chemical structure. Simple carbohydrates are divided into two parts, the monosaccharides and oligosakarid.
Themselves grouped into monosaccharides glucose, fructose, and lactose. Glucose can be found in some types of fruit, sweet corn, and honey. Fructose is the sweetest kind of sugar that is often called sweet cider. While lactose can be found in milk.
Oligosaccharide divided into sucrose, maltose, trisakarida, and tetrasakarida. Cane juice are examples of foods that contain sucrose. Maltose can be obtained from sugar grains, trisakarida there on beetroot or honey, while tetrasakarida also present in beetroot and peas.
Raw foods contain simple carbohydrates usually been cleared of fiber due to processing or naturally have a low fiber content. A variety of light meals and snacks, such as biscuits, chocolates, candies, cakes, contain simple carbohydrates. The body absorbs simple carbohydrates quickly, so quickly feel hungry even after eating a simple carbohydrate foods in large quantities.
2. Complex Carbohydrates
The chemical structure of more complex carbohydrates long and complicated. Several types of simple carbohydrates buffer unified form of complex carbohydrates. Due to complexity of its structure, the body can not digest some foods are complex carbohydrates. Usually in the form of high fiber foods, such as fruits and vegetables. Complex carbohydrate food ingredients will be issued again through feces.
Raw foods are complex carbohydrates that can be digested and absorbed by the body comes from grains and grains, such as wheat, rice, tubers and tuber roots (potatoes, cassava, and sweet potatoes). Fruits that are young, such as tomatoes, mangoes, papaya, and bananas also contain complex carbohydrates.
Our body longer to process complex carbohydrate foods, so the full effect will last longer. Therefore, complex carbohydrate diet is recommended for the diet and the proportion should be more than simple carbohydrate foods.